RESEARCH ARTICLE ON HORSES: Early Dispersal of Domestic Horses Into the Great Plains and Northern Rockies
Are horses native to, or so-called “invasive exotics“ in North America?
As discussed below, “Horses were deeply integrated into Indigenous (American Indian) societies before the arrival of 18th-century (1700’s) European observers, as reflected in herd management, ceremonial practices, and culture.
“This study established that Indigenous peoples were living and interacting with the horse before the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 CE, which was the earliest date accepted by Western science.”
“One possible implication of this finding is that relationships of the kind developed by Lakota peoples could have already been in place by the Late Pleistocene (14,000 BCE). Such life management practices may even have extended to other members of the horse family at that time.”
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