Resources

Let the discussions - and the progress begin.

Merriam-Webster defines resource as:
a: a source of supply or support : an available means—usually used in plural.
b: a natural source of wealth or revenue—often used in plural.
c: a natural feature or phenomenon that enhances the quality of human life.
d: computable wealth —usually used in plural.
e: a source of information or expertise.

In a discussion of land management, the first four apply.

For the purposes of this page, all five apply.

Here you will find a listing of our various natural resources: fisheries, forests, livestock, predators, rangelands, water management, waterfowl and wildlife (game and non-game).
These broad categories provide the organizational framework for additional information—a resource—about ongoing issues involving each. Taken from popular media, scientific journals and a myriad of other sources the information herein illustrates how singularly focused quick fixes are being applied to complicated natural systems across the country.

Arguably intentions are good. Generally the results are not.

We offer these articles, as well as some success stories, to prompt discussion and thought that moves our natural resource management efforts away from the status quo. In recent years, traditional land management efforts have sat on opposite ends of the spectrum, ranging from unsustainable chemical inputs, intensive industrialization and an unwavering devotion to eradication to benign neglect in the name of preservation.

Ironically, in the 21st century we need to return to the basics of past centuries. We should focus our attention on the big picture, which in nature is nuanced, and begin to work with her forces instead of against them. In Holistic Management, our decision-making framework of choice, the goal is balance through biodiversity.

Let the discussions—and the progress begin.

The objective of biodiversity conservation is to maintain viable native animal and plant populations of all kind.

The complex issue of biodiversity encompasses virtually all plants and animals at genetic, species, community, and landscape scales. We provide resources and our working insights on the topic across the following areas.

Fisheries

Fisheries, both freshwater and saltwater, serve as the proverbial canaries in the coal mine when it comes to water quality.

Rangelands

Rangelands act as nature’s factories, while also providing wildlife habitat and the viewsheds that lift the human spirit.

Forests

Native forests are as diverse as native rangelands or any other healthy ecosystem. Like rangelands, forests produce oxygen, sequester carbon, provide wildlife habitat and play a role in the water cycle.

Waterfowl

Waterfowl reflect the conditions of the land and the water across the North American continent. As they migrate from north to south and back again, they, depending on species, rely on a wide range of environments.

Livestock

Instead of being a threat, well-managed livestock can reinvigorate landscapes that have devolved into barren unproductivity, helping restore other essential ecological processes along the way.

Water Management

The quality and quantity of water available in America is directly correlated to the condition of the land.

Predators

When we look at nature’s big picture, we have to recognize the role predators play in the health of the natural world. True biodiversity must also include fangs and claws.

Wildlife

Wildlife are part of nature’s whole. To improve their future, we have to improve their habitat from the soil up.

Latest articles

Read more about the resources listed above:

Markets for Conservation: Reining in the Wild Horse Crisis

There are more wild horses and burros on the public landscape allotted to them than that range can sustain. Beautiful as they are, these animals are degrading the range and they compete for water and forage with […]

Ungulate Migrations of the Western United States, Volume 1

  In 2019, the U.S. Geological Survey completed analyses necessary to map mule deer corridors, stopovers, routes and winter ranges in Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. A total of 26 corridors, 16 migration routes, 25 stop-overs, […]

Wild Horses in America: Lemons or Lemonade?

The reason horses do so well in our wild environments is because they belong here. Classifying wild horses as exotics makes sense only to those who are unaware of our continent’s natural history.   For […]

Redefining “Recovery” of Grizzly Bears

Here is the position of those who say that the definitions governing Grizzly Bear recovery should be expanded.  

Addressing Brucellosis Will Help Ranchers and Wildlife

Quoting the PROPERTY AND ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH CENTER (PERC) article below, “Because ranchers bear the cost of brucellosis—and the stress of the very real possibility of transmission of the disease—they are understandably reluctant to have elk […]

Livestock: A Powerful Tool for Wildfire Control

Quoting the article below, “Livestock grazing is also proposed as a potential solution for wildfires such as those that have devastated several western states this year. Researchers with the University of California Cooperative Extension are […]

Working Dogs – Farm To Fork Wyoming

Highly attuned to their partnership with man, livestock herding and guardian dogs are powerful and essential forces in the balance of nature and predation for today’s Wyoming rancher.

Clovis and the First North Americans

At some time around the end of the last ice age, about 11,500 years before present (“BP” is defined as 1950 AD), the first human hunter-gatherer groups entered North America, where they encountered diverse environments […]

Bears and Roosevelt Elk on Vancouver Island

Roosevelt’s Elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti) – is the largest elk in body size – but not antler size – of all elk subspecies. Mature bulls weigh from 700-1200 lbs with very rare large bulls weighing […]

The Gray Wolf Leads the Way for Other Endangered Species

“Common sense advice on how best to advance wolf restorations, from the PROPERTY AND ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH CENTER of Bozeman Montana. PERC is the home of free market environmentalism.  

Fishing and Managing Idaho Alpine Lakes

Very few high mountain lakes had fish before stocking began in the 1940s.

Washington State to Manage Wolves Within Borders After Fed Action

Quoting the article below, “Wolves were wiped out in Washington by the 1930s at the behest of the livestock industry. The animals began migrating back into the state from Idaho and British Columbia early in […]

Colorado Voters Approve Gray Wolf Reintroduction

Quoting the article below, “Colorado is the first state to reintroduce wolves at the direction of voters rather than federal wildlife biologists working under the Endangered Species Act.”

The Incredible Hulik and His Beavers

Biologist Tomas Hulik spent more than 300 days and nights in the wild riverine forest along the river March, separating Slovakia and Austria. After that, Rachel, the matron of this beaver territory, allowed him to […]

How Do Beavers Build a Dam?

Beavers build dams that are designed to endure bad weather and high waters using logs, branches and stones. Impoundments are crucial for the species as they provide ponds as protection against predators. This advantageous skill […]

Deal Revives Plan for Largest US Dam Demolition

“This project will have a very beneficial effect on water quality and salmon.   Moreover, removals are inevitable. These dams are worn out. Because they are economic losers, there is no economic case for spending […]

Amazing Graze

Wildlife management in South Texas continues to evolve on large hunting operations, and most devoted land owners are seeking an effective non-cattle grazing solution. Enter the amazing American Bison.

Grizzly 399’s Diet Takes a Concerning Turn

“It is a tragic fact that once a grizzly associates people with food, it likely will have to be destroyed.   Counter-intuitively, limited hunting of grizzly bears, which would give them reasons to fear humans, […]

Photographer Captures Saskatoon Beaver Bursting Through Ice ‘Like Superman’

A Saskatoon-based beaver has become a viral video star after a local photographer and nature enthusiast recently  filmed it bursting through an ice-covered pond.  

US Officials: Climate Change Not a Threat to Rare Wolverine

Contrary to the popular narrative, a slightly warmer climate, particularly in areas that are usually covered by snow and ice, expands the habitable area for many species.   Furthermore, endangered species listings should not be […]

To Scare Off Wild Bears, Japanese City Calls In Robo-Wolf

“This would only make an Idaho bear mad.